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What You Need to Know about the Joint Cartilage and Its Importance in the Body

Every moving part of the body has a connective tissue that provides cushion between the bone and joint. The connective tissue is therefore important in protecting you against from the moving bones which will lead to pain through a stiff. There are three types of cartilages in the human body which are the elastic cartilage, Hyaline cartilage and the fibrocartilage. The joint cartilage is one of the vital cartilages in the body of which its absence could lead to arthritis and may require a lot of details to get healed. The joint cartilage is officially referred to as the articular cartilage since it covers the entire surface where the articular bone meets with the joint. In basic terms, the joint cartilage is found at the knee joint and ensures there is no friction generated between the femur and the tibia.

The cartilage is mainly made of type II collagen and chondroitin sulfate. It also has a synovial fluid that makes the movements smoother. Because of the location of the articular cartilage, it is therefore thicker than many other cartilages in the body.

As you have read above, you should keep it in your mind that the function of that cartilage is to primarily allow movements between the bones and the joint. Another point to note is that the joint cartilage does not heal when damaged is going to gradually reduce in size over the years due to disorders or normal wear and tear. The cartilage does not have any supply of nutrients that can enable it to regrow or regenerate.

When the articular cartilage gets damaged, it can be rectified by way of having a surgical procedure undertaken. There is variation in the restoration procedures that are used and it is through x-rays that the extent of the damage can be explored. Since the surgical restoration of the articular cartilage is a sensitive procedure, it should not be done on every other person. Abrasion arthroplasty, autologous chondrocyte implantation, drilling and microfracture some of the widely used cartilage restoration procedures. For anyone that may have encountered one of the above cartilage restoration procedures, it is advisable to ensure that you protect the area that was operated on because this will ensure that your cartilage heals well. You will find it beneficial to go through rehabilitation after a cartilage restoration procedure which will enable you to resume normal life. Ensure that you click here to learn more about the joint cartilage.